Roman London: 55BC to 5th Century AD

Discover Britain’s history before the Romans including hunter-gatherers, stone age, land bridge, English channel 10,000BC, farmers 4000BC, 2000BC Bronze Age, metalworkers, Iron Age, Celtic languages and the first coins.

  1. Hunter-gatherers where the first people to live in Britain during the period known as the Stone Age
  2. A land bridge connected Britain to the continent and people came and went, following the herds of deer and horses which they hunted.
  3. Britain only became permanently separated from the continent by the Channel about 10,000 years ago.
  4. The first farmers arrived in Britain 6,000 years ago from south-east Europe.
  5. These people built houses, tombs and monuments on the land.
  6. Around 4,000 years ago, people learned to make bronze which led to the period known as the Bronze Age.
  7. People lived in roundhouses and buried their dead in tombs called round barrows
  8. They became talented metalworkers who made many beautiful objects in bronze and gold, including tools, ornaments and weapons.
  9. During the Iron Age, around 800B people learned how to make weapons and tools out of iron
  10. Most people were either farmers, craft workers or warriors.
  11. They spoke a Celtic language, which is related to languages still spoken today in some parts of Wales, Scotland and Ireland.
  12. The people of the Iron Age had a sophisticated culture and economy,
  13. They made the first coins to be minted in Britain, some inscribed with the names of Iron Age kings.
  14. This marked the beginnings of British history.

Discover Britain’s Roman history including Julius Caesar failed invasion in 55BC, Claudius successful invasion in 43AD, clash with Boudicca Iceni, Hadrian’s wall, the Picts, the 400 year roman occupation, and their legacy including roads, buildings, law and the beggining of Christian communities around 3AD.

  1. Roman London: 55BC to 5th Century AD
  2. In 55 BC Julius Caesar led a Roman invasion of Britain but failed and for nearly 100 years Britain remained separate from the Roman Empire
  3. In AD 43 the Emperor Claudius successfully invaded Britain, but only after a fierce opposition from Local tribes such as Queen Boudicca’s Iceni
  4. The Romans remained in Britain for 400 years
  5. Londinium was the name given to this strategically important port town on the River Thames
  6. With a good position to trade with the rest of the Roman Empire, introducing new plants and animals
  7. They built roads, bridges and public buildings
  8. including the Forum which was the central market and meeting place
  9. They build amphitheatres where gladiators fought to the dead to entertain the crowds
  10. They created a structure of law with the Basilica serving as the town hall and the court of justice
  11. They built the Temple of Mithras for protecting good against evil
  12. In the 3rd century the Roman built a defensive wall around the city on the site of the present day City of London
  13. Some 50,000 people lived inside the city
  14. Over a thousand a half years later the remains of defensive London Wall are still visible in the City of London
  15. It was during the 3rd and 4th centuries AD that the first Christian communities began to appear in Britain
  16. By the 5 Century there was only a few troops left in Britain and many towns including Londinium declined drastically over the next few decades